On This Day, Nov. 15th, After 16 months of debate, the Continental Congress, sitting in its temporary capital of York, Pennsylvania, agrees to adopt the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union on this day in 1777. Not until March 1, 1781, would the last of the 13 states, Maryland, ratify the agreement.
In 1777, Patriot leaders, stinging from British oppression, were reluctant to establish any form of government that might infringe on the right of individual states to govern their own affairs. The Articles of Confederation, then, provided for only a loose federation of American states. Congress was a single house, with each state having one vote, and a president elected to chair the assembly. Although Congress did not have the right to levy taxes, it did have authority over foreign affairs and could regulate a national army and declare war and peace. Amendments to the Articles required approval from all 13 states. On March 2, 1781, following final ratification by the 13th state, the Articles of Confederation became the law of the land.
Less than five years after the ratification of the Articles of Confederation, enough leading Americans decided that the system was inadequate to the task of governance that they peacefully overthrew their second government in just over 20 years. The difference between a collection of sovereign states forming a confederation and a federal government created by a sovereign people lay at the heart of debate as the new American people decided what form their new government would take.
In 1787, an extra-legal body met in seclusion during Philadelphia’s summer heat to create this new government. On March 4, 1789, the modern United States was established when the U.S. Constitution formally replaced the Articles of Confederation.
Between 1776 and 1789, Americans went from living under a sovereign king, to living in sovereign states, to becoming a sovereign people. That transformation defined the American Revolution.
The Origins of Taps The origins of “Taps,” the distinctive bugle melody played at U.S. military funerals and memorials and as a lights-out signal to soldiers at night, date back to the American Civil War. In July 1862, U.S. General ... Read More
Oh this is interesting. John Conyers in the AG Sessions testimony before the Judiciary Committee is attempting to twist the hearing to imply that in looking into Clinton crimes, that the President and Justice Department are wielding their power to ... Read More
Red Skelton – What the Pledge means to ME Minute Script: In 1969, Red Skelton gave his personal view of the Pledge of Allegiance. The statement he made at the end, I think, tells it all.Red Skelton, one of America’s ... Read More
The below video is an moving history of our National Anthem. There are times in life where the task at hand is bigger that one mans life. And there is no more power or honor in that, than when one see’s ... Read More
At a time when the war on religion seems more open than ever. Where New York’s anti conservative Governor Andrew Cuomo says we should leave the the prayers for Texas shooting victims to Priests and Rabbi’s, East Catholic High Schools ... Read More
On April 27th, 1961, Then President John F. Kennedy gave a speech to newspapers and publishers at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, in New York City While this speech has been quoted out of context for a variety of purposes, it’s an ... Read More
A University of Nevada, Reno police officer is under fire for what some have called an insensitive or racist costume. Antonio Gutierrez, pictured above apparently attended a Halloween Party dressed as beleaguered NFL Quarterback, Colin Kaepernick, wearing a 49’ers jersey, a ... Read More
Amazingly you can’t make this stuff up. While broadcasting a live piece on Trumps boarder wall, illegal immigrants ride up on horseback and jump the fence! Like this:Like Loading... Related ... Read More
Delta airline passengers were informed that there was an deceased American Soldier on board, being accompanied home by his best friend also a soldier in uniform. When the passengers decide to sing the National Anthem to honor the fallen soldier ... Read More
If you don’t understand Nationalist. Think of it this way. You can be the United States of America, or you can be the United States of Earth, but if you are the United States of Earth, UN Rules apply, and ... Read More
Your HT (Handie Talkie) is going to be your first important communications purchase. Forget about regular walkie talkies or FRS radios, they are restricted to transmitting on a half a watt only. You can also get paired MURS radios, but ... Read More
What is happening today in the EU may be worse than watching an iron curtain fall across Eastern Europe. The one thing that has made Western Europe great, was its long rich history, culture and rule of law. What we ... Read More
Antifa – The Undoing of the Left FROG IN BOILING WATER It has been said that the state of America is analogous to the frog in boiling water story. The premise is that if a frog is put suddenly into ... Read More
Components of the Militia When asked what the Militia was, George Mason, one of the Framers of the U.S. Constitution, said, “Who are the Militia? They consist now of the whole people, except for a few public officers.” Yet we ... Read More
While there may be a lot of discussion and choices on that first home defense gun, invariably the discussion will circle back around to the good old 12ga shotgun. A shotgun, is one of the most versatile weapons in your ... Read More
Just in time inventory is a business model used by almost every retailer these days. Fuel, automobile parts, medicines, and grocery stores operate on a just in time inventory system. What this means is that in order to keep costs down, they ... Read More
General thoughts on First Aid and Survival in the back country Wilderness is described as any area in which a person may be an hour or more from any modern conveniences, or medical attention. Wilderness First Aid In a typical ... Read More
The EMS subspecialty of tactical medicine and the role of the tactical medic is not a new concept. Bringing medical intervention to the arena of battle predates Napoleon’s directive for having an ambulance near the front lines in the event he himself was ... Read More